Samples of fabrics "shoi" and satin. Uzbeks, Tadjiks. Bukhara. Late 19th - early 20th century

Samples of fabrics "shoi" and satin. Uzbeks, Tadjiks. Bukhara. Late 19th - early 20th century

Fabrics are the most traditional gifts from Central Asia, even at present fabrics are considered to be the symbol of wealth and prosperity. Silk and velvet ikats were the most valuable gifs and always were a part of Emir's gift to Russian Emperor family. 

With the word ikat one means a textile made of yarn on which, by means of a resist-dyeing method, a different colouring of the possibility of it is applied, and mainly before working the yarn into a textile structure. The dye flow beyond the resisted places and created so called abr-pattern (abr - a cloud) textile. Usually several craftsmen took part in such a hard work. This method of treating fabrics is still making them distinctive and recognizable. Bukhara was the only region where both silk and velvet fabrics were made in such technique.  For the last thousand years the demand for ikats in Central Asia was very high and only in 19th century abr-pattern textile became collectible