Podoinik - milk pail. Georgians. Gori. Georgia. Late 19th century.

Podoinik - milk pail. Georgians. Gori. Georgia. Late 19th century.

During long time Caucasian craftsmen had tried various methods of clay processing, inventing a variety of shapes and decorations. Most of Caucasus peoples had been familiar with ceramic over a very long period of time. It is well known that in Christian Georgia, where the tradition of guilds was already well established, each town guild had its own patron saint. But only the craftsmen who made pots and tiles could claim God the Father as their patron saint, alluding to the story in Bible where God created the first man from earth, in other words, clay.

In Caucasus not only was pottery important in everyday life, but utensils in earthenware were also a prominent feature in festivities. Butter was made in ceramic jugs and large churns. Bread was baked in earthenware ovens and had marks or figures imprinted by wooden or earthenware stamps. Water was collected in cylinders resembling the shape of bread ovens. Ceramics accompany man on his journey through life.