Festive male khalat (a kind of overcoat). Tadjiks, Uzbeks. Bukhara. Late 19th - early 20th century

Festive male khalat (a kind of overcoat). Tadjiks, Uzbeks. Bukhara. Late 19th - early 20th century

The traditional costume of the peoples of Central Asia have many common characteristics but at the same time each group has its own specific features, which have come into being during the course of history.

The main element, namely a head-dress, a shirt, wide trousers, a khalat and shoes, are to be seen throughout the region. This is one of the simplest and most ancient types of design known all around the world. 

However, the common features are indeed limited to the number of characteristics just mentioned. The other elements of costume and design were quite specific for each ethnic group. Local traditions differed from each other in the way in which the items were combined, the way they were worn, the specific decorative motifs, etc. By looking a costume it was possible to determine the ethnic affiliation, social position, age and class of a person.