Door curtain "ensi". Turkmen – Sariks. Transcaspian oblast. Early 20th century.

Door curtain "ensi". Turkmen – Sariks. Transcaspian oblast. Early 20th century.

Carpets were the fundamental attribute of the nomad dwelling of the Central Asia. They were used to furnish and decorate a yurt: floor carpets, door curtains "ensi", different types of bags to storage different types of things, fixing yurt bands "yolam".  The most significant for thickness, colors and patterns were Turkmen carpets. In Turkmenistan carpet weaving was not something remarkable, every woman possess this skill. Girls of 5-6 were taught to weave and when they were up to 25 they were real mistresses in carpet weaving. To make a masterpiece primitive vertical looms were used. Mistress applied great force and patience to make an authentic and unique piece of art.

In all times Asian carpets were the very thing to decorate Russian palaces. Carpeting was brought to the center of Russia with trade caravans or as diplomatic gifts, as well as items from travelling and expeditions. Carpets were objects of Tsar’s family passionate collecting.  

Carpets are very symbolic things. Every detail of the carpet weaving is very important: technique, material, pattern. The ornament of this door curtain "ensi" is a symbolic world view: lower part of the panel "zamin" - is the ground; upper part presents 40 arches of firmament and between them situated the world with people, animals and dragons washed by rivers in its permanent movement.