Ceremonial sculpture composition. Buryats. Early 20th century
The silver ceremonial sculpture represents a three-faced, eight-handed deity Ushnishavijaya, worship as "Mother of all buddhas", the goddess of long life. Ushnishavijaya is sitting on the throne of double lotus. A lotus in Buddhist mythology is a symbol of purity, miraculous birth, spiritual enlightenment and compassion.
Ushnishavijaya holds the double vajra, a bow, an arrow, the depiction of the Amitabha Buddha (unseen light). Her lower right hand is folded in the gesture of granting wishes (Varada mudra), her upper left hand is raised in the "no-fear" gesture (Abhaya mudra). The Seven Jewels of Chakravartin are set around the sculpture symbolize the Buddhist ideal of the perfect monarch ruling according to the Teachings of Buddha: 1) the wheel of law with 1000 spokes, 2) a jewel (cintamani) depicted in the form of six elongated buds in an aureole of fire, 3) a faithful and true wife, 4) a clever and fair minister, 5) an elephant with cintamani jewel on its back, 6) a horse with a cintamani jewel on its back, 7) a general
Ushnishavijaya together with Amitayus and White Tara forms a group of tree deities called upon in the rite of long life, she helps all living creatures suffering from severe diseases. Taking in the account the inherited disease of Crown Prince Aleksey, this gift had symbolic meaning.