Carpet - sumakh. Dagestan. Late 19th century

Carpet - sumakh. Dagestan. Late 19th century

Among Dagestan carpeting the most famous are pile one-side Lesghin carpets known as sumakh. These carpets were originally developed there and later spread all over the world. Usually such a carpet of good quality was very big, made of colorful threads and had peculiar design. 

Sumakhs were made of spring sheep wool, which was carefully washed, combed and spined. To prepare yarn was as difficult as to weave the whole carpet. 

One of the main processes was yarn dying. Dagestan women used natural dye-stuff and elicited astounding results.

The sumakh ornamental composition combines mythological symbols of the times of military democracies and symbols of fertility, which date back to early agricultural stages. Usually its ornaments perfectly illustrate the whole process of Caucasian carpet formation with its visual set originating from the most ancient mythologemes and reflecting the changes in human understanding of this world which would occur every time the Heavens Wheel turned.